Follow the belows steps to configure cordova with Android SDK on Ubuntu machine:
Install Java & ANT:
First, check you’ve got Java and Ant installed – you’ll need those later:
sudo apt-get install default-jre
sudo apt-get install default-jdk
sudo apt-get install ant
Run the following command to install NodeJS:
sudo apt-get install nodejs
If that doesn’t work, you can install NodeJS through a PPA repository:
sudo apt-get install python-software-properties
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:chris-lea/node.js
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nodejs
Okay, let’s check to make sure NodeJS is now installed:
You should get a result like this:
To install NPM, simply run the following command:
sudo apt-get install npm
To make sure NPM is installed, run:
The result should look like:
Cordova uses Git in the background to download assets when creating a new project. I have created a Cordova project without Git installed and assets were still downloaded, but let’s be safe. Execute the following command:
sudo apt-get install git
Install Apache Cordova:
We will use Node Packaged Modules (NPM) to install Apache Cordova.
sudo npm install -g cordova
That’s it! Let’s make sure it’s installed and to check the version:
Which should give a result like this:
After installing the cordova utility, you can always update it to the latest version by running the following command:
sudo npm update -g cordova
Use this syntax to install a specific version:
sudo npm install -g firstname.lastname@example.org
Run the info command for a listing that includes the current version along with other available version numbers:
npm info cordova
Install Android SDK:
Download the Android sdk from http://developer.android.com/sdk/index.html, and unpack it somewhere (I had problems with file permissions when I put it under /opt, so I ended up putting it under my home directory, as ~/android):
mv ~/Downloads/adt-bundle-linux-x86.zip ~/android
Update PATH in ~/.bashrc to include the phonegap tools:
# Add android sdk
and then ‘source ~/.bashrc’ to make sure you’ve got the new path setup.
Creating Your First Cordova Project:
Now let’s take a moment to quickly go over creating your first Apache Cordova app project.
To create your app, use the following command:
To add platforms, we will need to switch to the app’s folder:
Where is the folder where the source is held.
Now that we are in the folder, we can add platforms like so:
cordova platform add <platform-name>
cordova platform add android
Where is the platform you want to add. Platforms include: ios, amazon-fireos, android, blackberry10, firefoxos, wp8, and windows8. For wp8 and windows8, you should be on a Windows machine.
Run this to check your current set of platforms:
cordova platforms ls
Run either of the following synonymous commands to remove a platform:
cordova platform remove <platform-name>
Once you are ready to build your project, make sure you are in the project folder and run the following:
To build the project for specific platforms, use the following example command:
cordova build <platform-name>
cordova build android
Where is the platform you want to build. Platforms include: ios, amazon-fireos, android, blackberry10, firefoxos, wp8, and windows8. For wp8 and windows8, you should be on a Windows machine.
The cordova build command is a shorthand for the following:
cordova prepare <platform-name>
cordova compile <platform-name>
Test the App on an Android Emulator or Device:
Run a command such as the following to rebuild the app and view it within a specific platform’s emulator:
cordova emulate android
Some mobile platforms emulate a particular device by default, such as the android projects. For other platforms, you may need to first associate a device with an emulator.
Happy blogging and please drop your comments and queries to improvise the details in the post. Thanks for reading my post.